About Hong Kong


Hong Kong is a strikingly beautiful city unlike any other in the world, where east meets west. From the modern skyscraper buildings standing happily alongside the small alleyways and streets which are home to local traders and street markets. All this with the backdrop of the mountains of Victoria Peak, and ahead of you the Fragrant Harbour and views of the Kowloon Peninsula.

It is the co-existence of old and new, side by side which gives Hong Kong its unique flavour.

However, this is just the beginning. Hong Kong is not just a place of great contrasts within the city area, but travel a short distance out of the city and Hong Kong becomes countryside with many exciting well marked walking and hiking trails, with breathtaking views of the city and South China Sea.

You may have been under the false impression that Hong Kong is a small place with only limited things to do to occupy your leisure hours, but the territory is so diverse that there are always new and exciting things to see and places to explore.

Country Name : Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (HKSAR)
Location : Eastern Asia, bordering South China Sea and China
Geographic Co-ordinates : 22 15N, 114 10E
Area : Total area 1,103sq km: Hong Kong Island (81sq km), Kowloon (47sq km), New Territories (747 sq km) and Outlying Islands (228 sq km)
Time Zone : GMT +8 hours
Population : 7 million (approx)
Languages : Cantonese and English. Putonghua (Mandarin) is increasingly being used since the Handover in 1997
Ethnic Groups : 95% Chinese, 5% others. The top three nationalities from the overseas populations come from the Philippines, Indonesia and the USA
Government : Under the “one country two systems” policy, Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy from China for 50 years in all matters except foreign policy and defense
Legal System : Based on the English Common Law
Economy : Hong Kong has a bustling free market economy highly dependant on international trade
Currency : 1 Hong Kong dollar = 100 cents. The Hong Kong dollar is pegged to the US dollar at 1US $ = HK$ 7.8 (approx)
Climate : Tropical monsoon, cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in autumn
Terrain : Hilly to mountainous with steep slopes
International Telephone Area Code : +852
Airport : Hong Kong International Airport, Chek Lap Kok
Voltage : 220 V, 50 cycles